Since 1903, when Binney & Smith introduced the first Crayola crayon, people have been fascinated with the heritage of the color names. Here is a list of Crayola colors starting from the earliest colors to the current colors.
Colors Available Beginning 1903
Number of Colors: 8
Black, Brown, Orange, Violet, Blue, Green, Red, Yellow
Colors Available 1949 - 1957
Number of Colors: 48
Apricot, Gold, Orange, Silver,
Bittersweet, Gray, Orange, Red, Spring Green,
Black, Green, Orange Yellow, Tan,
Blue, Green Blue, Orchid, Thistle,
Blue Green, Green Yellow, Periwinkle, Turquoise Blue,
Blue Violet, Lemon Yellow, Pine Green, Violet (Purple),
Brick Red, Magenta, Prussian Blue*, Violet Blue,
Brown, Mahogany, Red, Violet Red,
Burnt Sienna, Maize, Red Orange, White,
Carnation Pink, Maroon, Red Violet, Yellow,
Cornflower, Melon, Salmon, Yellow Green,
Flesh**, Olive Green, Sea Green, Yellow Orange
*Name changed to "midnight blue" in 1958 in response to teachers requests.
**Name voluntarily changed to "peach" in 1962, partially as a result of the U. S. Civil Rights Movement.
Colors Available 1958-1971
Number of Colors: 64
All colors previously listed plus the following colors added in 1958.
Aquamarine, Copper, Lavender, Raw Sienna,
Blue Gray, Forest Green, Mulberry, Raw Umber,
Burnt Orange, Goldenrod, Navy blue, Sepia,
Cadet Blue, Indian Red***, Plum, Sky Blue
***Indian Red is renamed Chestnut in 1999 in response to educators who felt some children wrongly perceived the crayon color was intended to represent the skin color of Native Americans. The name originated from a reddish-brown pigment found near India commonly used in fine artist oil paint.
Colors Available 1972-1989
Number of Colors: 72
All colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1972.
Chartreuse, Ultra Blue, Ultra Orange, Ultra Red,
Hot Magenta, Ultra Green, Ultra Pink, Ultra Yellow,
Fluorescent colors name change in 1990.
Atomic Tangerine, Hot Magenta, Outrageous Orange, Shocking Pink,
Blizzard Blue, Laser Lemon, Screamin Green, Wild Watermelon.
Colors Available 1990-1992
Number of Colors: 80
All Colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1990.
Electric Lime, Purple Pizzazz, Razzle Dazzle Rose, Unmellow Yellow,
Magic Mint, Radical Red, Sunglow, Neon Carrot
In 1990, eight colors were retired and replaced by eight new shades.
Retired Colors-Replacement Colors
Green Blue - Cerulean
Orange Red - Vivid Tangerine
Orange Yellow - Jungle Green
Violet Blue - Fuchsia
Maize - Dandelion
Lemon Yellow - Teal Blue
Blue Gray - Royal Purple
Raw Umber - Wild Strawberry
Retired colors were enshrined in the Crayola Hall of Fame on August 7, 1990.
Colors Available 1993
16 new colors added in 1993, named by consumers
Number of Colors: 96
Asparagus, Macaroni and Cheese, Razzmatazz, Timber Wolf, Cerise,
Mauvelous, Robin's Egg Blue, Tropical Rain Forest, Denim,
Pacific Blue, Shamrock, Tumbleweed, Granny Smith Apple, Purple Mountain's Majesty, Tickle Me Pink, Wisteria
Colors Available 1998
24 new colors added
Number of Colors: 120
Almond, Canary, Fern, Pink Flamingo,
Antique Brass, Caribbean Green, Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown, Purple Heart,
Banana Mania, Cotton Candy, Manatee, Shadow,
Beaver, Cranberry, Mountain Meadow, Sunset Orange,
Blue Bell, Desert Sand, Outer Space, Torch Red,
Brink Pink, Eggplant, Pig Pink, Vivid Violet
In addition, Binney & Smith produces several assortments of specialty crayons.
Colors Available 2000
All colors previously listed with the following exceptions. Thistle was removed from the 120-count assortment to make room for indigo; torch red was renamed scarlet.
Colors Available 2003
4 new colors added, 4 retired
Number of Colors: 120
New Colors - inch worm, jazzberry jam, mango tango, wild blue yonder
blizzard blue, magic mint, mulberry, teal blue
To mark Crayola 100th birthday, consumers name new colors and vote four out of the box.
This information is obtained from the official Crayola website.